Second Quarter 2014
Mortgage Performance Improvement Continues, OCC Reports
This publication is a part of:
Collection: Mortgage Metrics Report
The performance of first-lien mortgages serviced by large national and federal savings banks experienced seasonal decline during the second quarter of 2014, but improved from a year earlier, according to a report released today by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC).
The OCC Mortgage Metrics Report, Second Quarter 2014, showed 92.9 percent of mortgages were current and performing at the end of the quarter, compared with 93.1 percent at the end of the previous quarter and 90.6 percent a year earlier. The percentage of mortgages that were 30 to 59 days past due decreased 17.3 percent from a year earlier to 2.4 percent of the portfolio. Seriously delinquent mortgages—60 or more days past due or held by bankrupt borrowers whose payments are 30 days or more past due—decreased 17.0 percent from a year earlier.
Foreclosure activity among the reporting servicers continued to decline. At the end of the second quarter of 2014, the number of mortgages in the process of foreclosure fell to 391,591, a decrease of 47.4 percent from a year earlier. The percentage of mortgages that were in the process of foreclosure at the end of the second quarter of 2014, was 1.6 percent. Servicers initiated 79,781 new foreclosures during the quarter, a decrease of 47.0 percent from a year earlier. The number of completed foreclosures also decreased 39.1 percent from a year earlier to 48,684. Improved economic conditions, foreclosure prevention assistance, and transfer of loans to servicers not included in this report contributed to the decline in foreclosure activity, among the reporting servicers.
Servicers implemented 208,150 home retention actions during the quarter—including modifications, trial-period plans, and shorter-term payment plans—compared with 64,790 home forfeiture actions during the quarter, which include completed foreclosures, short sales, and deed-in-lieu-of-foreclosure actions. The number of home retention actions implemented by servicers decreased by 12.5 percent from the previous quarter and 34.1 percent from a year earlier. More than 91 percent of modifications in the second quarter of 2014, reduced monthly principal and interest payments; 56.1 percent of modifications reduced payments by 20 percent or more. Modifications reduced payments by $252 per month on average, while modifications made under the Home Affordable Modification Program reduced monthly payments by an average of $269.
Servicers implemented 3,525,913 modifications from January 1, 2008, through March 31, 2014. Of these modifications, more than 59 percent were active at the end of the second quarter of 2014, and almost 41 percent had exited the portfolios of the reporting institutions, through payment in full, involuntary liquidation—foreclosure, short sale, or deed in-lieu-of foreclosure—or transfer to a non-reporting servicer. Of the 2,084,292 modifications that were active at the end of the second quarter of 2014, approximately 69 percent were current and performing at the end of the quarter, 25 percent were delinquent, and 6 percent were in the process of foreclosure.
The mortgages in this portfolio comprise about 47 percent of all mortgages outstanding in the United States—24.1 million loans totaling $4.1 trillion in principal balances. This report provides information on their performance through June 30, 2014.